The total cotton output in the country is estimated to be 362 lakh bales for the 2015-16 seasons, which began on October 1, as per data compiled by the (CAI). This estimate is 8.50 lakh bales lower than the October estimate of 370.50 lakh bales. The total output for the cotton season 2014-15 stood at 382.75 lakh bales. The total crop estimated in the northern zone during the season 2015-16 is 43 lakh bls.
AP/TLGN Cotton prices prevailed unmoved trend between 33500/34500.Buyers are doing selective purchases and are waiting for the price to lower down. Most of the Buyers and sellers are still into wait and watch policy, low trading activity reported in the market in most south market due to festival mood.
On 01-01-2015, GUJ cotton market was steady with moderate trading activity, very few sellers were active in the market, Bargains reported between 33800/34200 (Good quality bales). Seed offered at Rs 475/90.
Tentative situation prevailed in MH/MP market, price disparity seen between ginners & buyers, most of farmers still hold their kapas & expecting better price in future. There were very few sellers active in the market, buyers also adopted a wait & watch policy.
Fashion careers: finding the right fit for you
Are you aware about the current fashion trends? Do you have an eye for style? Do you have the drive and desire to turn your passion into a profitable and rewarding career? Explore all the different career options in fashion design production, fashion marketing and advertising, fashion media and productions and more. A career in the fashion industry may be the right path for you!
Many are attracted to pursue a career in the fashion industry due to the glamour & lucrative income opportunities. Besides that, the idea that you can succeed on your own, motivates aspirants even more. As a matter of fact, majority of professional fashion designers are self-employed.
In general, fashion designer professionals have innate artistic and creative qualities. They use their creative gifts and artistic talents to create unique design concepts for various fashion applications. Today, fashion designer professionals are in demand in a variety of Industries. Since there is a constant demand for fashion designers specializing in a particular field, most of the aspirants focus their talent in one specialized fashion area like home textiles, visual merchandising, apparel designing, costume designing for TV, film and theater productions; personal stylist positions with high-end department stores and private clients, and modeling. They work for everything from newspaper ads to strutting the catwalk and many more .The lesser known areas such as Medical textiles, Industrial textile, Textiles in Automobile industry, Geo textiles, Sports textile, pack tech etc. also have a vast potential for careers in Textiles.
These are just a list of options to choose from but the main and most important question is -Do you have the aptitude and the skill set required for the career you are so passionate about? Which one is best suited for you? So you need to checkout whether your passion matches the skills that you possess both soft skills &hard skills.
Soft skills apply to every job. They are your people skills – interpersonal skills, communication skills and other qualities that enable you to be successful in the workplace. Soft skills are related to one’s personality.
Hard skills are any skills relating to a specific task or situation. These skills are easily quantifiable .They are qualifications required to do the job. For example, computer skills, administrative skills or customer service skills etc.
For coming to the right decision you need to answer certain questions and if your answer is positive then that’s the perfect career for you. So let’s check it out
Are you ……………
- Effective communicator with Good inter-personnel skills ,
- Ability to work in Team Spirit
- Good Co-ordinator
- Can develop Good rapport with people at all levels
- Ability to work with responsibilities
- Have Technical knowledge of sampling of garments
- Can Manage time efficiently
- Basic computer knowledge then………….merchandising is the field for you. You can
Work as Retail merchandiser or Export merchandiser
If you are also……………
- Fashion conscious
- Enjoy styling
- Follow fashion trends & Influential……then being a Fashion merchandiser is the right option for you
Do you have………..
- Superb visual and spatial skills
- Above average drawing and sketching abilities
- Strong artistic creative and imaginative skills
- Exceptional sense of style and colour
- Ability to work in changing environments
- Basic knowledge of computer graphics
- Promotional skills
These are the desirable skills for being a ……… Visual Merchandiser
If you can ………….
- Conceptualize, create, and promote new clothing and accessory designs
- Keep informed about current and forecasted fashion trends,
- Understand fabrics, create patterns and samples,
- Market new designs
Then being a…………Fashion Designer or Product designer can be the right choice
Some more career options and their job requirements are
- Work with buyers and salespeople to coordinate the different
- departments of a retail store or chain to ensure that all
- departments and stores offer a consistent fashion look
- Use research skills, fashion industry experience, and intuition
- Predict which fashions will be popular for the next season
- Gather and analyze information
- Develop ways to communicate
- Display fashion predictions.
- Create technically precise sketches of a fashion designer’s ideas
- Used for patternmaking, presentations
- Requires training in art and computer applications
- Use artistic, color, and technical skills to design new fabrics or
- Modify the designs of previous fabrics.
- May specialize in area print fabrics, woven fabrics, and knits
- Work for newspapers, magazines, and advertising agencies in preparing fashion- related articles, books, advertisements, press kits, and catalogs
Store/ Boutique Manager
- Manage sales employees
- Maintain sales, inventory and manage personnel issues
Image/ Fashion Consultant
- Educate individuals, groups, or corporate about fashions and accessories.
- Help people make fashion choices that reflect their -Lifestyles, personalities, and needs
Based on your temperament, aptitude & skill set you can choose which part of this Industry suits you the best. Here are some things to do which will make your decision making process easy. Read industry publications, Know the top players in the industry. Read all the magazines and blogs. Your shopping experience can be a learning experience too. Observe how online retailers market and sell things. Maybe something will inspire you. Now go get yourself a career.
|Mrs. Anju Tulshyan
Mobile: 93247 54028
Origin and early days of Exhibitions
The best-known ‘first World Expo’ was held in London, United Kingdom, in 1851, under the title “Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations”. The Great Exhibition, as it is often called, was an idea of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria‘s husband. The event was housed in an enormous glass building that came to be known as the Crystal Palace and is considered to be the first international exhibition of manufactured products.
It was said at that time that “The Exhibition was the first time that the nations of the world had ever come together in one place, other than on a battlefield”. Even in its inception, ’The Great Exhibition’ influenced the development of several aspects of society, including art-and-design education, international trade and relations, and tourism.
There were some 100,000 objects, displayed along more than 10 miles, by over 15,000 contributors. The biggest of all was the massive hydraulic press that had lifted the metal tubes of a bridge at Bangor invented by Stevenson. Next in size was a steam-hammer that could with equal accuracy forge the main bearing of a steamship or gently crack an egg. There were adding machines a ‘sportsman’s knife’ with eighty blades from Sheffield. Canada sent a fire-engine with painted panels showing Canadian scenes, and a trophy of furs.
India contributed an elaborate throne of carved ivory, a coat embroidered with pearls, emeralds and rubies, and a magnificent howdah and trappings for a rajah’s elephant. Amid all these wonders, there was the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond which drew public attention and excitement. More than six million people came through the Exhibition and the profit and many of the exhibition items were used to create what is now known as the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Since its first official appearance in 1851, three distinctive phases can be distinguished in the history of exhibitions that of industrialization, of cultural exchange, and nation branding.
Role of Exhibition in Industrialization:
How exhibitions played important role in industrialization is visible from the world expositions, especially focused on trade held from 1851 to 1938 encouraging technological inventions and advancements. World expositions were the platforms where the state-of-the-art in science and technology from around the world were brought together. The world expositions of 1851 London, 1853 New York, 1862 London, Philadelphia (1876), 1889 Paris, 1893 Chicago, 1900 Paris, 1901 Buffalo, 1904 St. Louis, 1915 San Francisco, and 1933–34 Chicago were landmarks in this respect.
This lead role in stimulating economics by exhibitions continues till date. Today in number of countries, events are accorded top priority by governments because they act as a catalyst for overall growth and employment generation.
The most outstanding example and proof of key role of exhibition as a catalyst for industry, employment and economic growth are Germany and China. Post World War II – the German trade fair industry grew in direct proportion to its GDP growth. Exhibitions boost German economic output by over EUR 20 billion every year. They also ensure 226,000 people have full time jobs. Furthermore, exhibitions generate EUR 3.8 billion in taxes at the federal, state and municipal level.
Various European studies have shown that trade fairs bring into play a powerful multiplier effect contributing to the extent of 10 to 12 times their turnover to the geographical area served. Estimating the worldwide turnover of the industry at EUR 25 to 30 billion, the economic impact of this activity, even by conservative estimates, would be around 250 billion.
China’s GDP growth during last decade or so is directly proportional to growth in its exhibition industry. According to industry estimates, India’s exhibition industry already contributes to the extent of 94,000 crore rupees in terms of business generated at shows currently held in the country.
Cultural & Social function of Exhibition:
1939 to 1987 saw a focus on cultural exchange and social function Trade fairs and congresses have always been platforms for the exchanging knowledge. In today’s knowledge-based society information has become a decisive resource & these events are major knowledge dissemination platform.
From Expo ’88 in Brisbane onwards, countries started to use world expositions more widely and more strongly as a platform to improve their national images through their pavilions. In a world where a strong national image is a key asset, pavilions became advertising campaigns, and the Expo a vehicle for ‘nation branding’. Improving national image was the primary participation goal for countries.
Today’s world expositions embody elements of all three eras. They present new inventions, facilitate cultural exchange based on a theme, and are used for city, region and nation branding.
How exhibition stimulate individual companies & products?
The key to winning a customer is to be able to connect, present, and capture interest. And the power of human senses; touch, feel, hear and see is infinite in an exhibition, making it the best marketing tool. The intend of visitors are focused on doing business and keen willingness to strike a bargain ensuring attention and interest of the key decision makers.
Presence of Competition under same roof also facilitates understanding market hurdles, trends, sales pitch of competitor, price and technology comparison etc. All these are key factors influencing decisions on future market expansions, allocation of research budget, pricing policy, customer service etc.
As an example I would like to cite India ITME Society creating excitement for Textile Industry & Textile Engineering Industry for India and its neighbouring region, single handled promoting Indian brand globally. This mega event has succeeded in promoting India as a key nation for Textile engineering industry, sourcing and manufacturing hub, attracting many foreign machinery manufacturers to invest and set up their manufacturing facility in the Country generating employment and business for ancillary industries.
Decision maker’s, technocrat, Scientist, Consultants, Government officials, Students and Press Media from 97 Countries converge for a six day Tech fest and business every 4 year. Thus it is creating huge foreign exchange & revenue for the State Government, Hotel industry, Airline industry, Transport industry, Catering industry and other related services. This mega event generates permanent & temporary employment of 30,000 through 57 vendors during the event.
The power of exhibitions and events to drive business and economic development is proven since its inception and its importance and role will continue to grow especially in this era of globalization.
Ms Seema Srivastava
Executive Director –
India ITME Society
The Chinese are in the process of displacing the monopoly of the US dollar. They are dropping their US Treasury bonds, stockpiling gold reserves, and opening regional distribution banks for their own national currency. This will give them easier access to capital markets and insulate them from financial manipulation by Washington and Wall Street.
Fearing the eclipsing of the US dollar and the Bretton Woods system by a rival financial architecture the US response has been an attempt to damage the Chinese markets and increase the value of China’s currency. China has responded through regulations in the market and then quantitative easing of its currency to maintain the low prices of Chinese manufactured goods and exports.
Beijing’s quantitative easing is a reaction or response to the financial manipulation of Washington and Wall Street. Additionally, Washington never thought that the Chinese would respond by dumping US Treasury bonds. Instead of the hysteria about the Chinese economy, the impending collapse of the US dollar should be getting all of the attention of investors, one US economist (Peter Schiff) has warned. Schiff’s voice is one of many analysts saying that the talk about the Chinese economy faltering is exaggerated and bad spirited.
Financial War against China, Russia: America’s War against the Community of Destiny
As the financial architecture of the world is being altered by China and Russia, the US dollar is gradually being neutralized as one of Washington’s weapon of choice. Even the monopoly of Washington’s Bretton Woods system formed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank is being directly challenged. Although they do not constitute alternatives to neoliberal economics, the BRICS News Development Bank (NDB) and Beijing’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) are challenging the Bretton Woods system through a rival financial structure.
The US Empire has been cognizant of the moves to establish a rival financial order. Policymakers in the Washington Beltway, the Pentagon, and Wall Street all watched the dual summits of the BRICS and Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the Russian city of Ufa with concern. Up to that point, they had been waging an information/propaganda, energy, financial market, currency war, and general economic war against the Russian Federation.
Banks and governments in the European Union had been considering and examining the use of China’s national currency, renminbi/yuan, as a reserve currency. This was because of the attractiveness of the stability of the renminbi as a currency. This had Washington and Wall Street worried and was one of the factors that resulted in the expansion of the currency and financial war on Russia to China.
Using speculation as a psychological weapon and market manipulation, the US launched a financial strike against the Chinese. This was done through an attempt to sink or crash the Chinese stock market and hurt investor confidence in the Chinese economy and its stocks. Beijing, however, reacted quickly by imposing controls on investment withdrawals. This prevented the snowballing of stock selloffs and defused the US financial bomb.
As the value of the renminbi began to rise Beijing began quantitative easing to devalue its national currency as a means of continuing export trade. The US Congress and White House began to loudly object. They accused the Chinese of financial manipulation and demanded that Beijing do nothing to readjust the value of the renminbi. What the folks in the Washington Beltway wanted was for the Chinese to let the value of the renminbi rise as a means of disrupting China’s economy and market.
Beijing Liquidates its US Bonds
Push China and it will push back. The buck (or, more properly, renminbi/yuan) did not stop with the introduction of regulations by Beijing. China took steps that shocked Wall Street and put Washington on notice.
As US financial institutions began trying to hurt investor confidence in China through psychological tactics claiming that the Chinese economy was slowing down and that the Chinese market was in freefall, Beijing announced that it had bought 600 tons of gold in the span of a month and the People’s Bank of China had got rid of over 17 billion US dollars from its foreign exchange reserves.
China’s foreign exchange reserves — excluding the foreign reserves of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macau Special Administrative Region — were 3.71 trillion (37,111,430 million) US dollars in May 2015. They had dropped to 3.69 trillion (36,938,380 million) US dollars by June 2015.
The financial market webpage Zero Hedge, which had been following this development, explained what it had discovered was taking place: «We then put China’s change in FX reserves alongside the total Treasury holdings of China and its ‘anonymous’ offshore Treasury dealer Euroclear (aka ‘Belgium’) as released by TIC, and found that the dramatic relationship which we first discovered back in May, has persisted — namely virtually the entire delta in Chinese FX reserves come via China’s US Treasury holdings».
The main point here was that China’s US Treasury bonds are being aggressively sold, to the tune of $107 billion in Treasury sales so far in 2015. By following China’s financial transactions in Belgium, Zero Hedge had actually calculated that Beijing had dropped 143 billion US dollars in three months. A few months later, in August, the Chinese dropped 100 billion US dollars’ worth of US Treasury bonds in the span of two weeks.
A day later, on August 27, Bloomberg corroborated what Zero Hedge had identified. A Bloomberg report explained the following: The People’s Bank of China has been offloading dollars and buying yuan to support the exchange rate, a policy that’s contributed to a $315 billion drop in its foreign-exchange reserves over the last 12 months. The $3.65 trillion stockpile will fall by some $40 billion a month in the remainder of 2015 because of the intervention, according to the median estimate in a Bloomberg survey.
While the Bloomberg report emphasized that the Chinese were using US dollars to buy their own national currency, it casually mentioned, strategically, it probably has been China’s intention to find the right time to lighten up its excessive accumulation of U.S. Treasuries, citing an economist at Reorient Financial Markets Limited in Hong Kong.
The Eclipsing of the US Dollar by the Chinese Renminbi
Wall Street should be worried about the economic problems at home in the US instead of trying to undermine China. The talk about the slowing down of the Chinese economy in part is distraction. It diverts attention from the decline of the US and is meant to enforce the efforts of Washington and Wall Street to rein in Beijing. The Chinese, however, continue to move forward undeterred.
Beijing selected Qatar as its first renminbi clearing house in the Middle East and North Africa for regional exchange markets there in April 2015. The name of this clearing house is the Qatar Renminbi Centre. It will circumvent US financial structures and give greater access to oil and natural gas from the Middle East and North Africa to the People’s Republic of China.
Despite the wishes of Wall Street and Washington, the Silk World Order is moving forward.